Thank you for visiting the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department website. http://www.wildlife.state.nh.us/ NH Fish and Game

 

 

Species Occurring in New Hampshire

New Hampshire is home to more than 500 species of vertebrate animals. This list would be much longer if a complete list of invertebrates (insects, crustaceans, clams and snails) were included. About 75 percent are nongame wildlife species not hunted, fished or trapped. Twenty-seven species are endangered and fourteen are threatened in the state. With your help we are able to maintain New Hampshire's rich diversity of wildlife through research, management and education projects outlined in the Actions of the Wildlife Action Plan.

 

Legend:

ST = state-threatened

SE = state-endangered

FT = federally-threatened

FE = federally-endangered

SC = special concern in NH

SGCN = Species of Greatest Conservation Need

+ = breeding bird in New Hampshire

(i) = introduced

 

section
Anadromous Fish

Alewife (also freshwater)

SC, SGCN

Salmon, Chinook (i)

Herring, Blueback

SC, SGCN

Salmon, Coho (i)

Lamprey, Sea

SC, SGCN

Shad, American

SC, SGCN

Salmon, Atlantic (i) (also freshwater)

Smelt, Rainbow (also freshwater)

SC, SGCN


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Freshwater Fish
Bass, Largemouth (i) Dace, Blacknose Madtom, Tadpole (i) Shiner, Spottail (i)
Bass, Rock (i)

Dace, Finescale

SC, SGCN

Perch, White (i) (also marine) Sucker, Longnose
Bass, Smallmouth (i) Dace, Longnose Perch, Yellow Sucker, White
Bluegill (i)

Dace, Northern Redbelly

SC, SGCN

Pickerel, Chain

Sunfish, Banded

SC, SGCN

Bullhead, Brown

Darter, Swamp

SC, SGCN

Pickerel, Redfin

SC, SGCN

Sunfish, Redbreast
Bullhead, Yellow Darter, Tessellated Pike, Northern (i)

Trout, Brook

SC, SGCN

Burbot

SC, SGCN

Eel, American (also marine) SC, SGCN Pumpkinseed Trout, Brown (i) (also marine)
Carp (i) Fallfish Sculpin, Slimy

Trout, Lake

SC, SGCN

Chub, Creek Goldfish (i) Shiner, Blacknose Trout, Rainbow (i)
Chub, Lake Killifish, Banded (also marine)

Shiner, Bridle

ST, SGCN

Walleye (i)
Chubsucker, Creek

Lamprey, American Brook

FE, SGCN

Shiner, Common

Whitefish, Lake

SC, SGCN

Crappie, Black (i) Madtom, Margined Shiner, Golden

Whitefish, Round

SC, SGCN


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Marine Fish
Bass, Black Sea Flounder, Yellowtail Menhaden, Atlantic Skate, Little
Bass, Striped Goosefish, American Pipefish, Northern Skate, Thorny
Bluefish Grubby Plaice, American Skate, Winter
Butterfish Gunnel, Rock Pollock Sail, Sea
Cod, Atlantic Haddock Pout, Ocean Stickleback, Fourspine (also freshwater)
Cunner Hake, Silver Puffer, Northern- Stickleback, Ninespine (also freshwater)
Cusk Hake, Spotted Raven,Sea Stickleback, Threespine (also freshwater)
Dogfish, Smooth Hake, Squirrel Redfish Sturgeon, Atlantic
Dogfish, Spiny Hake, White Robin, Common Sea

Sturgeon, Short-nosed

FE, SE, SGCN

Dory, American John Halibut, Atlantic Robin, Striped Sea Tautog
Eel, American Herring, Atlantic Rockling, Four-bearded Tom cod, Atlantic
Eel, Conger Killifish, Common (mummichog) Sculpin, Longhorn Windowpane
Flounder, Four-spotted Killifish, Striped (mummichog) Sculpin, Shorthorn Wolffish, Atlantic
Flounder, Smooth Lance, American Sand Scup Wolffish, Spotted
Flounder, Summer Lumpfish

Shad, American

SGCN

Wrymouth
Flounder, Winter Mackerel, Atlantic Shad, Hickory  
Flounder, Witch Mackerel, Chub Silverside, Atlantic  

 

Marine Invertebrates

American Oyster PDF Document
SGCN

Atlantic Sea Scallop PDF Document

SGCN

Horseshoe Crab PDF Document
SGCN

Northern Shrimp PDF Document
SGCN

Softshell Clam PDF Document
SGCN

     

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Mammals

Bat, Big Brown PDF Document

SGCN

Fox, Gray Otter, River Squirrel, Southern Flying

Bat, Eastern Red PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Fox, Red Pipistrelle, Eastern Vole, Meadow

Bat, Hoary PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Hare, Snowshoe Porcupine

Vole, Rock PDF Document

SGCN

Bat, Little Brown

SGCN

Lemming, Northern Bog PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Porpoise Vole, Southern Red-backed

Bat, Northern Long-eared PDF Document

FT, ST, SGCN

Lemming, Southern Bog PDF Document

SGCN

Raccoon Vole, Woodland

Bat, Silver-haired PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Lynx, Canada PDF Document

FE, SE, SGCN

Rat, Norway (i) Weasel, Long-tailed

Bat, Small-footed PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Marten, American

ST, SGCN

Seal, Harbor Weasel, Short-tailed (Ermine)

Bat, Tricolored PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Mink

Shrew, American Water PDF Document

SGCN

Whale, Fin PDF Document

SGCN

Bear, Black Mole, Hairy-tailed

Shrew, Long-tailed PDF Document

SGCN

Whale, Humpback PDF Document

SGCN

Beaver Mole, Star-nosed Shrew, Masked Whale, Minke
Bobcat Moose Shrew, Pygmy

Whale, North Atlantic Right PDF Document

SGCN
Chipmunk, Eastern Mouse, Deer Shrew, Short-tailed Whale, Pilot
Cottontail, Eastern Mouse, House (i) Shrew, Smoky

Wolf, Eastern (not yet in NH) PDF Document

FE, SE, SGCN

Cottontail, New England

SE, SGCN

Mouse, Meadow Jumping Shrew, Water Woodchuck
Coyote Mouse, White-footed Skunk, Striped  
Deer, White-tailed Mouse, Woodland Jumping Squirrel, Gray  
Dolphin, Common Muskrat Squirrel, Northern Flying  
Fisher Opossum, Virginia Squirrel, Red  

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Reptiles, Amphibians & Freshwater Mussels
Reptiles Amphibians Mussels

Racer, Black

ST, SGCN

Bullfrog

Creeper

SGCN

Rattlesnake, Timber

SE, SGCN

Frog, Green Elliptio, Eastern
Snake, Brown

Frog, Mink

SGCN

Floater, Alewife

SGCN

Snake, Common Garter

Frog, Northern Leopard

SC, SGCN

Floater, Brook

SE, SGCN

Snake, Eastern Hognose

SE, SGCN

Frog, Pickerel Floater, Eastern  
Snake, Eastern Ribbon Frog, Wood Floater, Triangle
Snake, Milk Mudpuppy Lampmussel, Eastern
Snake, Northern Water Newt, Eastern, Red-spotted

Pearlshell, Eastern

SGCN

Snake, Redbelly Peeper, Spring

Pondmussel, Eastern

SC, SGCN

Snake, Ringneck

Salamander, Blue-Spotted

SC, SGCN

Wedgemussel, Dwarf

FE, SE, SGCN

Snake, Smooth Green

SC, SGCN

Salamander, Four-toed  

Turtle, Blanding's

SE, SGCN

Salamander, Jefferson

SC, SGCN

 
Turtle, Common Musk (Stinkpot)

Salamander, Marbled

SE, SGCN

 

Turtle, Eastern Box

SC, SGCN

Salamander, Dusky  
Turtle, Painted Salamander, Spring  
Turtle, Snapping Salamander, Two-lined  

Turtle, Spotted

ST, SGCN

Salamander, Redback  
Turtle, Wood Salamander, Slimy  
  Salamander, Spotted  
  Toad, American  
 

Toad, Fowler's

SC, SGCN

 
  Treefrog, Gray  

 

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Insects (SC or SGCN species only)

Barrens Itame

SC, SGCN

Boghaunter, Ringed (Banded Bog Skimmer) PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Clubtail, Skillet PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Moth, Cora (bird
dropping moth)

SC, SGCN

Barrens xylotype

SC, SGCN

Boghaunter, Ebony

SC

Clubtail, Riverine

SC

Moth, Phyllira tiger

SC, SGCN

Broad-lined
Catopyrrha

SC, SGCN

Butterfly, Karner Blue

FE, SE, SGCN

Darner, Sedge PDF Document

SGCN

Moth, Pine Barrens Zanclognatha

SGCN

Beetle, Appalachian Tiger PDF Document

SGCN

Butterfly, Frosted

Elfin PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Emerald, Coppery PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Moth, Pine Pinion

ST, SGCN

Beetle, Cobblestone Tiger PDF Document

Butterfly, White Mountain Arctic PDF Document
ST, SGCN

Emerald, Kennedy’s PDF Document

SGCN

Pine Barrens Lepidoptera PDF Document

SGCN
Beetle, Margined
Tiger
PDF Document

Bee, American
Bumble
PDF Document

SGCN

Emerald, Ocellated PDF Document

SGCN

Skipper, Persius Duskywing

SE, SGCN

Beetle, Puritan Tiger PDF Document(historic records in NH)

SGCN

Bee, Rusty-patched Bumble PDF Document

SGCN
Emerald, Ringed PDF Document
SGCN

Spreadwing, lyre-tipped PDF Document

SGCN

Beetle, Saltmarsh Tiger

SGCN

Bee, Yellow Bumble PDF Document

SGCN

Fritillary, White Mountain PDF Document
e, SGCN

 

Bluet, Pine Barrens PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Bee, Yellowbanded Bumble PDF Document

SGCN

Hairstreak, Hessel's PDF Document

SGCN
 

Bluet, Scarlet 

SC

Clubtail, Rapids PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Monarch PDF Document

SGCN
 


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Birds
Bittern, American+

Grouse, Ruffed PDF Document

+SGCN

Phalarope, Wilson's

Tern, Arctic

+SC

Bittern, Least PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Grouse, Spruce PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Pheasant, Ring-necked (i)+ Tern, Black
Blackbird, Red-winged+ Guillemot, Black+ Phoebe, Eastern+ Tern, Caspian

Blackbird, Rusty PDF Document

+

Gull, Black-headed Pintail, Northern Image Icon

Tern, Common

ST, SGCN

Blackbird, Yellow-headed Gull, Bonaparte's

Pipit, American PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Tern, Forster's
Bluebird, Eastern+ Gull, Glaucous Plover, Black-bellied

Tern, Least

SE, SGCN

Bobolink PDF Document

+SGCN

Gull, Great Black-backed+ Plover, American Golden

Tern, Roseate

FE, SE, SGCN

Bobwhite, Northern (i) Gull, Herring+

Plover, Piping

FT, SE, SGCN

Tern, Royal
Brant Image Icon Gull, Iceland Plover, Semipalmated

Thrasher, Brown PDF Document

+SGCN

Bufflehead Gull, Laughing Rail, King

Thrush, Bicknell's PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Bunting, Indigo+ Gull, Little Rail, Virginia+ Thrush, Gray-cheeked
Bunting, Snow Gull, Ring-billed Raven, Common+ Thrush, Hermit+
Canvasback Image Icon Gyrfalcon Razorbill Thrush, Swainson's+
Cardinal, Northern+

Harrier, Northern

SE, SGCN

Redhead Image Icon Thrush, Varied
Catbird, Gray+ Hawk, Broad-winged+ Redpoll, Common

Thrush, Wood PDF Document

+SGCN

Chat, Yellow-breasted Hawk, Cooper's+ Redpoll, Hoary Titmouse, Tufted+
Chickadee, Black-capped+ Hawk, Red- shouldered+ Redstart, American+

Towhee, Eastern PDF Document

+SGCN

Chickadee, Boreal+ Hawk, Red-tailed+ Robin, American+ Turkey, Wild+
Coot, American Image Icon Hawk, Rough-legged

Sanderling PDF Document

SGCN

Turnstone, Ruddy PDF Document

SGCN

Cormorant, Double-crested+ Hawk, Sharp-shinned+ Sandpiper, Baird's

Veery PDF Document

+SGCN

Cormorant, Great Heron, Great Blue+ Sandpiper, Buff-breasted Vireo, Philadelphia+
Cowbird, Brown-headed+ Heron, Green+ Sandpiper, Least Vireo, Red-eyed+
Crane, Sandhill+ Heron, Little Blue Sandpiper, Pectoral Vireo, Solitary+
Creeper, Brown+ Heron, Tricolored

Sandpiper, Purple PDF Document

SGCN

Vireo, Warbling+
Crossbill, Red+ Heron, Black-crowned Night-+

Sandpiper, Semipalmated PDF Document

SGCN

Vireo, White-eyed
Crossbill, White-winged+ Heron, Yellow-crowned Night Sandpiper, Solitary Vireo, Yellow-throated+
Crow, American+ Image Icon Hummingbird, Ruby-throated+ Sandpiper, Spotted+ Vulture, Turkey+
Crow, Fish+ Hummingbird, Rufous Sandpiper, Stilt Vulture, Black

Cuckoo, Black-
billed
PDF Document

+SGCN

Ibis, Glossy

Sandpiper, Upland PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Warbler, Bay-
breasted
PDF Document

+SGCN

Cuckoo, Yellow-billed+ Jaeger, Parasitic Sandpiper, Western Warbler, Black-and-white+
Dickcissel Jaeger, Pomarine Sandpiper, White-rumped Warbler, Black-throated Blue+
Dove, Mourning+ Jay, Blue+ Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied+ Warbler, Black-throated Green+
Dove, Rock (Pigeon) (i)+ Jay, Gray+ Scaup, Greater Image Icon Warbler, Blackburnian+
Dovekie Junco, Dark-eyed+ Scaup, Lesser Image Icon Warbler, Blackpoll+
Dowitcher, Long-billed

Kestrel, American

+SC, SGCN

Scoter, Black Image Icon

Warbler, Blue
winged
PDF Document

+SGCN

Dowitcher, Short-billed Killdeer + Scoter, Surf Image Icon

Warbler, Canada PDF Document

+SGCN

Duck, American
Black
PDF Document PhotoImage Icon

+SGCN

Kingbird, Eastern+ Scoter, White - winged Image Icon

Warbler, Cape May PDF Document

+SGCN

Duck, Harlequin Image Icon Kingbird, Western Shearwater, Cory's

Warbler, Cerulean PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Duck, Ring-necked+ Kingfisher, Belted+ Shearwater, Greater Warbler, Chestnut-sided+
Duck,Ruddy Kinglet, Golden-crowned+ Shearwater, Manx Warbler, Connecticut
Duck, Wood+ Image Icon Kinglet, Ruby-crowned+ Shoveler, Northern

Warbler, Golden-winged PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Dunlin Kittiwake, Black-legged Shrike, Loggerhead Warbler, Magnolia+

Eagle, Bald

ST, SGCN

Knot, Red PDF Document

SGCN

Shrike, Northern Warbler, Mourning+

Eagle, Golden

SE, SGCN

Lark, Horned PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Siskin, Pine+ Warbler, Nashville+
Egret, Cattle Longspur, Lapland Snipe, Common+ Image Icon Warbler, Orange-crowned
Egret, Great

Loon, Common PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Sora PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Warbler, Palm+
Egret, Snowy Loon, Red-throated Sparrow, American Tree Warbler, Pine+
Eider, Common+ Image Icon Mallard + Image Icon Sparrow, Chipping+

Warbler, Prairie PDF Document

+SGCN

Eider, King

Martin, Purple PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Sparrow, Clay-colored Warbler, Tennessee+

Falcon, Peregrine

ST, SGCN

Meadowlark,
Eastern
PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Sparrow, Field PDF Document

+SGCN

Warbler, Wilson's+
Finch, House (i)+ Merganser, Common+ Sparrow, Fox Warbler, Yellow+

Finch, Purple PDF Document

+SGCN

Merganser, Hooded+ Image Icon

Sparrow,
Grasshopper
PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Warbler, Yellow-rumped+
Flicker, Northern+ Merganser, Red-breasted Sparrow, Henslow's Warbler, Yellow-throated
Flycatcher, Alder+ Merlin+ Sparrow, House (i)+ Waterthrush, Louisiana+
Flycatcher, Great Crested+ Mockingbird, Northern+ Sparrow, Lark Waterthrush, Northern+
Flycatcher, Least+

Moorhen, Common

SC

Sparrow, Lincoln's+ Waxwing, Bohemian

Flycatcher, Olive
sided
PDF Document

+SGCN

Murre, Common Sparrow, Savannah+ Waxwing, Cedar+
Flycatcher, Willow+

Nighthawk,
Common
PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Sparrow, Seaside PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Whimbrel PDF Document

SGCN

Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied+ Nuthatch, Red-breasted+

Sparrow, Nelson's Sharp-tailed PDF Document

SGCN

Whip-poor-will PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Fulmar, Northern Nuthatch, White-breasted+

Sparrow, Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Wigeon, American
Gadwall Oldsquaw Sparrow, Song+ Wigeon, Eurasian
Gannet, Northern Oriole, Baltimore+ Sparrow, Swamp+

Willet PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Gallinule, Common PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Oriole, Orchard+

Sparrow, Vesper PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Wood-Pewee, Eastern+
Gnatcatcher, Blue-gray+ Osprey+ Sparrow, White-crowned

Woodcock, American

+SGCN

Godwit, Hudsonian Ovenbird + Sparrow, White-throated+ Woodpecker, Black-backed+
Godwit, Marbled Owl, Barn Starling, European (i)+ Woodpecker, Downy+
Goldeneye, Barrow's Owl, Barred+ Storm-Petrel, Leach's Woodpecker, Hairy+
Goldeneye, Common+ Owl, Boreal Storm-Petrel, Wilson's Woodpecker, Pileated+
Goldfinch, American+ Owl, Eastern Screech+

Swallow, Bank PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Woodpecker, Red-bellied
Goose, Canada+ Image Icon Owl, Great Gray Swallow, Barn+ Woodpecker, Red-headed+
Goose, Snow Image Icon Owl, Great Horned+

Swallow, Cliff PDF Document

+SC, SGCN

Woodpecker, American Three
toed
PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Goshawk, Northern+ Owl, Long-eared Swallow, Northern Roughwinged+ Wren, Carolina+
Grackle, Common+ Owl, Northern Hawk Swallow, Tree+ Wren, House+
Grebe, Horned Owl, Northern Saw-whet+ Swan, Mute (i)+

Wren, Marsh PDF Document

+SGCN

Grebe, Pied-billed PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Owl, Short-eared Swan, Tundra

Wren, Sedge PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Grebe, Red-necked Owl, Snowy

Swift, Chimney PDF Document

+SGCN

Wren, Winter+
Grosbeak,Blue Parula, Northern+

Tanager, Scarlet PDF Document

+SGCN

Yellowlegs, Greater
Grosbeak, Evening+ Phalarope, Red Teal, Blue-winged+ Yellowlegs, Lesser
Grosbeak, Pine Phalarope, Red-necked Teal, Green-winged+ Yellowthroat, Common+
Grosbeak, Rose-breasted+      

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