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Smooth green snake (Liochlorophis vernalis)

Smooth green snake Photo by USFWS / Carl Passardt

NH Conservation Status: Species of Special Concern; NH Wildlife Action Plan Species in Greatest Need of Conservation


State Rank Status: Vulnerable


Distribution: Throughout NH, including Isles of Shoals


Description: A thin, slender bright-green snake measuring 10-20 inches. The underside is white or a pale yellow.


Commonly Confused Species: None


Habitat: Found in upland grassy fields, pastures, meadows, blueberry barrens, and forest openings.

Life History: During late summer 7-9 eggs are laid under rotting wood, rocks, or underground in loose soil. Eggs may be laid communally. Hibernates underground and sometimes communally with other snakes. Probably eats mostly insects.


Conservation Threats: Loss of open fields from succession or development, pesticide and insecticide spraying.



Smooth green snake
Photo by Mike Marchand.


Smooth green snake
Though they are capable climbers,
smooth green snakes are much
more likely to be found on the ground.
Photo by USFWS / Luther C. Goldman


Smooth green snake
Photo by Brendan Clifford.