Thank you for visiting the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department website. www.wildlife.state.nh.us NH Fish and Game

 

 

New Hampshire Breeding Birds - Trend Tables

NH Breeding Birds Trends Tables

 

*NOTE: Species marked with an asterisk (*) are Wildlife Action Plan ("WAP") species. Click on the name to go to the WAP profile for each. We do not currently have WAP profiles for Canada Warbler, Veery, or Wood Thrush.

 

 

Decreasing
Common Name NH Trend Habitat
American Kestrel

decrease

Grasslands
American Redstart

-3.1

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
American Woodcock*

decrease

Forest and Shrublands
Arctic Tern*

stable

Coastal
Baltimore Oriole

-2.8

Forest and Developed
Bank Swallow

-3.8

Riparian
Barn Swallow

-5.2

Grasslands and Developed
Bay-breasted Warbler*

-8.8

Spruce-fir Forests
Bicknell’s Thrush*

decrease

Spruce-fir Forests
Black-and-white Warbler

-3.2

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Black-billed Cuckoo

-7.3

Shrublands
Blackpoll Warbler

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Blue Jay

-2

Forests and Developed
Blue-winged Warbler

no data

Shrublands
Bobolink

-2.6

Grasslands
Boreal Chickadee

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Brown Thrasher

-15.5

Shrublands
Brown-headed Cowbird

-4

Grasslands and Developed
Canada Warbler*

-4.1

Forests and Wetlands
Cedar Waxwing

-2.3

Shrublands and Riparian
Chestnut-sided Warbler

-3.1

Shrublands
Chimney Swift

-3.3

Forests and Developed
Cliff Swallow

-9.6

Grasslands and Developed
Common Grackle

-1.7

Wetlands and Developed
Common Nighthawk*

decrease

Shrublands and Developed
Common Yellowthroat

-1.1

Shrublands and Wetlands
Dark-eyed Junco

-2.1

Spruce-fir Forests
Eastern Kingbird

-4.1

Shrublands and Riparian
Eastern Meadowlark*

-8.7

Grasslands
Eastern Towhee*

-9.8

Shrublands
Eastern Wood-Pewee

-2.9

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
European Starling

-2.9

Developed
Field Sparrow

-7.1

Shrublands
Golden-winged Warbler*

decrease

Shrublands
Grasshopper Sparrow*

decrease

Grasslands
Gray Catbird

-2.1

Shrublands and Developed
Herring Gull

decrease

Coastal
House Sparrow

-3

Developed
House Wren

-3.5

Shrublands and Developed
Killdeer

-4.3

Grasslands
Least Flycatcher

-5.4

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Nashville Warbler

-3.2

Shrublands
Northern Flicker

-3

Forests and Developed
Northern Mockingbird

-2.7

Shrublands and Developed
Northern Waterthrush

-3.5

Forests and Wetlands
Olive-sided Flycatcher

-11.4

Spruce-fir Forests
Pine Siskin

stable

Spruce-fir Forests
Prairie Warbler

no data

Shrublands
Purple Finch*

-1.6

Forests
Rose-breasted Grosbeak

-5.2

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Ruby-crowned Kinglet

stable

Spruce-fir Forests
Ruffed Grouse*

-14

Forest and Shrublands
Rusty Blackbird*

decrease

Spruce-fir and Wetlands
Savannah Sparrow

stable

Grasslands
Scarlet Tanager

-3

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Song Sparrow

-1.3

Shrublands and Grasslands
Tennessee Warbler

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Veery*

-1.6

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Vesper Sparrow*

decrease

Grasslands
Whip-poor-will*

decrease

Forest and Shrublands
White-throated Sparrow

-2.7

Forests
Wilson’s Warbler

no data

Shrublands
Wood Thrush*

-5.2

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Yellow Warbler

-2.6

Wetlands
Yellow-billed Cuckoo

no data

Shrublands

 

 

Increasing or Stable
Common Name NH Trend Habitat
American Black Duck*

stable

Wetlands
American Crow

1.7

Forests and Developed
American Goldfinch

2.6

Shrublands and Developed
American Robin

stable

Forests and Developed
Bald Eagle*

increase

Lakes and Rivers
Belted Kingfisher

stable

Riparian
Black Guillemot*

no data

Coastal
Blackburnian Warbler

stable

Forests
Black-throated Blue Warbler

stable

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Black-throated Green Warbler

3.1

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

no data

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Blue-headed Vireo

stable

Forests
Broad-winged Hawk

stable

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Canada Goose

increase

Wetlands
Cape May Warbler

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Carolina Wren

increase

Developed
Chipping Sparrow

1.6

Forests and Developed
Common Loon*

increase

Lakes and Rivers
Common Raven

4.8

Forests
Common Tern*

stable

Coastal
Cooper’s Hawk*

no data

Forest and Developed
Double-crested Cormorant

no data

Coastal
Downy Woodpecker

2.1

Forests and Developed
Eastern Bluebird

increase

Grasslands and Developed
Eastern Phoebe

stable

Developed
Fish Crow

increase

Forests and Developed
Golden-crowned Kinglet

stable

Spruce-fir Forests
Gray Jay

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Great Crested Flycatcher

stable

Forests and Developed
Hairy Woodpecker

stable

Forests and Developed
Hermit Thrush

2.3

Forests
House Finch

increase

Developed
Indigo Bunting

-2.2

Shrublands
Louisiana Waterthrush

no data

Forests and Riparian
Magnolia Warbler

stable

Spruce-fir Forests
Mallard

3.2

Wetlands
Merlin

increase

Forests
Mourning Dove

1.9

Developed
Mute Swan

increase

Wetlands
Northern Cardinal

increase

Shrublands and Developed
Northern Parula

5.2

Spruce-fir Forests
Northern Rough-winged Swallow

increase

Riparian
Osprey*

increase

Wetlands
Ovenbird

stable

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Palm Warbler*

increase

Spruce-fir Forests
Peregrine Falcon*

increase

Cliffs and Develpoed
Philadelphia Vireo

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Pileated Woodpecker

3.3

Forests
Pine Warbler

5.7

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Piping Plover*

decrease

Dunes
Red-bellied Woodpecker

increase

Forests and Developed
Red-breasted Nuthatch

stable

Forests and Developed
Red-winged Blackbird

stable

Wetlands
Roseate Tern*

stable

Coastal
Ruby-throated Hummingbird

2.5

Forests and Developed
Swamp Sparrow

stable

Wetlands
Tufted Titmouse

increase

Forests and Developed
Turkey Vulture

increase

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Warbling Vireo

stable

Riparian
White-breasted Nuthatch

1.6

Forests and Developed
Wild Turkey

increase

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Willet*

no data

Salt Marsh
Willow Flycatcher

no data

Shrublands
Winter Wren

3.4

Spruce-fir Forests
Wood Duck

increase

Wetlands
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

stable

Spruce-fir Forests
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

4.9

Forests
Yellow-rumped Warbler

1.7

Forests
Yellow-throated Vireo

no data

Hardwood/Mixed Forests

 

 

Uncertain/Unknown
Common Name NH Trend Habitat
Alder Flycatcher

2.7

Wetlands
American Bittern*

decrease

Wetlands
American Pipit*

no data

Alpine
American Three-toed Woodpecker*

decrease

Spruce-fir Forests
Barred Owl

no data

Forests
Black-backed Woodpecker

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Black-capped Chickadee

1.5

Forests and Developed
Brown Creeper

stable

Forests
Cerulean Warbler*

no data

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Common Eider

no data

Coastal
Common Goldeneye

no data

Lakes and Rivers
Common Merganser

increase

Lakes and Rivers
Common Moorhen*

decrease

Wetlands
Eastern Screech-Owl

no data

Forests and Developed
Evening Grosbeak

4.5

Forests
Great Black-backed Gull

no data

Coastal
Great Blue Heron*

increase

Wetlands
Great Horned Owl

no data

Forests
Green Heron

no data

Wetlands
Green-winged Teal

no data

Wetlands
Hooded Merganser

stable

Wetlands
Horned Lark*

no data

Grasslands
Least Bittern*

no data

Wetlands
Lincoln’s Sparrow

stable

Spruce-fir Forests
Marsh Wren

decrease

Wetlands
Mourning Warbler

stable

Shrublands
Nelson's Sparrow*

no data

Salt Marsh
Northern Goshawk*

no data

Forests
Northern Harrier*

no data

Wetlands and Grasslands
Northern Saw-whet Owl

no data

Forests
Orchard Oriole

no data

Riparian and Developed
Pied-billed Grebe*

no data

Wetlands
Purple Martin*

decrease

Developed
Red Crossbill

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Red-eyed Vireo

stable

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Red-shouldered Hawk*

no data

Hardwood/Mixed Forests
Red-tailed Hawk

no data

Forests and Grasslands
Ring-necked Duck

no data

Wetlands
Rock Pigeon

stable

Developed
Saltmarsh Sparrow*

no data

Salt Marsh
Seaside Sparrow*

no data

Salt Marsh
Sedge Wren*

decrease

Wetlands
Sharp-shinned Hawk

no data

Forests and Developed
Sora

decrease

Wetlands
Spotted Sandpiper

-4.2

Wetlands and Riparian
Spruce Grouse*

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Swainson’s Thrush

4.4

Spruce-fir Forests
Tree Swallow

-2.9

Wetlands and Developed
Upland Sandpiper*

decrease

Grasslands
Virginia Rail

no data

Wetlands
White-winged Crossbill

no data

Spruce-fir Forests
Wilson’s Snipe

stable

Wetlands

 

 

Explanation of Trend Tables

The 186 bird species that breed regularly in New Hampshire are included in three tables above, corresponding to 1) decreasing species, 2) stable or increasing species, and 3) species for which there are insufficient or uncertain data.

 

In most cases, the data used in this categorization were derived from the Breeding Bird Survey, an international bird monitoring program coordinated by the U.S. Geological Survey. Species were placed into one of these three categories by comparing trends at the state and regional levels. When an actual New Hampshire trend is available, it is included in the tables (e.g., +1.3). These trend values represent the average annual rate of change since 1966. If data - including from other sources - indicate a consistent, but not significant, increase or decrease in population, this in indicated in the table without a numeric value. Note that because regional trends were also considered when assigning a species to one of the three categories, there are occasional cases where the New Hampshire trend does not correspond to the broad trend category for the table (e.g., "decreasing" species in the "uncertain" table, etc. ). These are generally cases where the broader regional trends were weighted more heavily than the state trend, often because there are limited or otherwise insufficient data to accurately evaluate the species' populations in New Hampshire.

 

Each table also lists the major habitats in which each species is found during the breeding season. Download the full State of the Birds PDF Document report for more detail on trends and habitat relationships.