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Yellow Perch

Yellow perch

 

perch

 

NH Conservation Status: Not listed

 

State Rank: Secure

 

Scientific Name: Perca flavescens

 

Distribution: Yellow perch range from the Great Lakes and upper Mississippi valley, east to North Carolina, and north to Hudson Bay.

 

Description: Yellow perch have a long, somewhat laterally compressed body with a large head and mouth, which is filled with small needle-like teeth. It is usually golden yellow to green in color, with dark vertical bands.

 

Species commonly confused with: Walleye

 

Habitat: The yellow perch is found in ponds, lakes, and slow flowing rivers throughout New Hampshire. It is usually abundant in stands of aquatic vegetation along shorelines in the summer.

 

Yellow perch

Yellow perch vary in color from bright green to golden yellow.

 

Yellow perch

The yellow perch in this photo had recently consumed a frog under the ice.

 

Life History: Yellow perch consume a wide variety of invertebrates and small fish species. Spawning takes place in the spring as water temperatures warm along the shorelines. Eggs are strewn in long ribbons over dead vegetation and the branches of fallen trees. Each female is followed by a group of males, attempting to fertilize the eggs as they are extruded. Between 3,000 and 60,000 eggs are laid, depending on the size of the female. The abundance of yellow perch in most waters makes them an important forage species for many predators, including loons, otters, and largemouth bass.

 

Origin: Native

 

Conservation/Management: Yellow perch are common and widespread throughout New Hampshire.

 

Recommendations:

 

  • Protecting shoreline vegetation and riparian buffers will help ensure healthy populations of yellow perch.

 

Distribution Map: (under construction)