Species Occurring in New Hampshire

(Residents and Visitors)

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New Hampshire is home to more than 500 species of vertebrate animals. This list would be much longer if a complete list of invertebrates (insects, crustaceans, clams and snails) were included. About 75 percent are nongame wildlife species not hunted, fished or trapped. Twenty-seven species are endangered and thirteen are threatened in the state. With your help we are able to maintain New Hampshire's rich diversity of wildlife through research, management and education projects.

Legend:
**endangered
*threatened
(i) introduced
+ breeds in New Hampshire
bold = nongame

MAMMALS
Bat, Big Brown
Bat, Eastern Red
Bat, Hoary
Bat, Little Brown
Bat, Northern Long-eared
Bat, Silver-haired
**Bat, Small-footed
Bear, Black
Beaver
Bobcat
Chipmunk, Eastern
Cottontail, Eastern
**Cottontail, New England
Coyote
Deer, White-tailed
Dolphin, Common
Fisher
Fox, Gray
Fox, Red
Hare, Snowshoe
Lemming, Northern Bog
Lemming, Southern Bog
**Lynx, Canada
*Marten, American
Mink
Mole, Hairy-tailed
Mole, Star-nosed
Moose
Mouse, Deer
Mouse, House (i)
Mouse, Meadow Jumping
Mouse, White-footed
Mouse, Woodland Jumping
Muskrat
Opossum, Virginia
Otter, River
Pipistrelle, Eastern
Porcupine
Porpoise
Raccoon
Rat, Norway (i)
Seal, Harbor
Shrew, Long-tailed
Shrew, Masked
Shrew, Pygmy
Shrew, Short-tailed
Shrew, Smoky
Shrew, Water
Skunk, Striped
Squirrel, Gray
Squirrel, Northern Flying
Squirrel, Red
Squirrel, Southern Flying
Vole, Meadow
Vole, Rock
Vole, Southern Red-backed
Vole, Woodland
Weasel, Long-tailed
Weasel, Short-tailed (Ermine)
Whale, Humpback
Whale, Minke
Whale, Pilot
**Wolf, Gray (not yet in NH)
Woodchuck

REPTILES
*Racer, Black
**Rattlesnake, Timber
Snake, Brown
Snake, Common Garter
**Snake, Eastern Hognose
Snake, Eastern Ribbon
Snake, Milk
Snake, Northern Water
Snake,Redbelly
Snake, Ringneck
Snake, Smooth Green
**Turtle, Blanding's
Turtle, Common Musk (Stinkpot)
Turtle, Eastern Box
Turtle, Painted
Turtle, Snapping
*Turtle, Spotted
Turtle, Wood

AMPHIBIANS
Bullfrog
Frog, Green
Frog, Mink
Frog, Northern Leopard
Frog, Pickerel
Frog, Wood
Mudpuppy
Newt, Eastern
Peeper, Spring
Salamander, Blue-Spotted
Salamander, Four-toed
Salamander, Jefferson
**Salamander, Marbled
Salamander, Dusky
Salamander, Spring
Salamander, Two-lined
Salamander, Redback
Salamander, Slimy
Salamander, Spotted
Toad, American
Toad, Fowler's
Treefrog, Gray

 

FISH

FRESHWATER
Bass, Largemouth (i)
Bass, Rock (i)
Bass, Smallmouth (i)
Bluegill (i)
Bullhead, Brown
Bullhead, Yellow
Burbot
Carp (i)
Chub, Creek
Chub, Lake
Chubsucker, Creek
Crappie, Black (i)
Dace, Blacknose
Dace, Finescale
Dace, Longnose
Dace, Northern Redbelly
Darter, Swamp
Darter, Tessellated
Eel, American (also marine)
Fallfish
Goldfish (i)
Killifish, Banded (also marine)
**Lamprey, American Brook
Madtom, Margined
Madtom, Tadpole (i)
Perch, White (i) (also marine)
Perch, Yellow
Pickerel, Chain
Pickerel, Redfin
Pike, Northern (i)
Pumpkinseed
Sculpin, Slimy
Shiner, Blacknose
*Shiner, Bridle
Shiner, Common
Shiner, Golden
Shiner, Spottail (i)
Sucker, Longnose
Sucker, White
Sunfish, Banded
Sunfish, Redbreast
Trout, Brook
Trout, Brown (i) (also marine)
Trout, Lake
Trout, Rainbow (i)
Walleye (i)
Whitefish, Lake
Whitefish, Round

MARINE
Bass, Black Sea
Bass, Striped
Bluefish
Butterfish
Cod, Atlantic
Cunner
Cusk
Dogfish, Smooth
Dogfish, Spiny
Dory, American John
Eel, American
Eel, Conger
Flounder, Four-spotted
Flounder, Smooth
Flounder, Summer
Flounder, Winter
Flounder, Witch
Flounder, Yellowtail
Goosefish, American
Grubby
Gunnel, Rock
Haddock
Hake, Silver
Hake, Spotted
Hake, Squirrel
Hake, White
Halibut, Atlantic
Herring, Atlantic
Killifish, Common (mummichog)
Killifish, Striped (mummichog)
Lance, American Sand
Lumpfish
Mackerel, American
Mackerel, Chub
Menhaden, Atlantic
Pipefish, Northern
Plaice, American
Pollock
Pout, Ocean
Puffer, Northern-
Raven,Sea
Redfish
Robin, Common Sea
Robin, Striped Sea
Rockling, Four-bearded
Sculpin, Longhorn
Sculpin, Shorthorn
Scup
Shad, Hickory
Silverside, Atlantic
Skate, Little
Skate, Thorny
Skate, Winter
Sail, Sea
Stickleback, Fourspine
(also freshwater)
Stickleback, Ninespine (also freshwater)
Stickleback, Threespine (also freshwater)
Sturgeon, Atlantic
**Sturgeon, Short-nosed
Tautog
Tomcod, Atlantic
Windowpane
Wolffish, Atlantic
Wolffish, Spotted
Wrymouth

ANADROMOUS FISH
Alewife (also freshwater)
Herring, Blueback
Lamprey, Sea
Salmon, Atlantic (i) (also freshwater)
Salmon, Chinook (i)
Salmon, Coho (i)
Shad, American
Smelt, Rainbow (also freshwater)

MUSSELS
Creeper
Elliptio, Eastern
Floater, Alewife
**Floater, Brook
Floater, Eastern  
Floater, Triangle
Lampmussel, Eastern
Pearlshell, Eastern
Pondmussel, Eastern

**Wedgemussel, Dwarf

INSECTS
(endangered and threatened species only)
**Beetle, Cobblestone Tiger
**Beetle, Puritan Tiger
(not yet in NH but nearby)
**Boghaunter, Ringed (Banded
Bog Skimmer)
**Butterfly, Frosted Elfin
**Butterfly, Karner Blue
Moth, Pine Barrens Zanclognatha
*Moth, Pine Pinion
**Skipper, Persius Duskywing
*White Mountain Arctic butterfly
**White Mountain Fritillary

BIRDS
Bittern, American +
Bittern, Least
Blackbird, Red-winged +
Blackbird, Rusty +
Blackbird, Yellow-headed
Bluebird, Eastern +
Bobolink +
Bobwhite, Northern (i)
Brant
Bufflehead
Bunting, Indigo +
Bunting, Snow
Canvasback
Cardinal, Northern +
Catbird, Gray +
Chat, Yellow-breasted
Chickadee, Black-capped +
Chickadee, Boreal +
Coot, American
Cormorant, Double-crested +
Cormorant, Great
Cowbird, Brown-headed +
Crane, Sandhill +
Creeper, Brown +
Crossbill, Red +
Crossbill, White-winged +
Crow, American +
Crow, Fish +
Cuckoo, Black-billed +
Cuckoo, Yellow-billed +
Dickcissel
Dove, Mourning +
Dove, Rock (Pigeon) (i) +
Dovekie
Dowitcher, Long-billed
Dowitcher, Short-billed
Duck, American Black +
Duck, Harlequin
Duck, Ring-necked +
Duck,Ruddy
Duck, Wood +
Dunlin
*Eagle, Bald +
**Eagle, Golden
Egret, Cattle
Egret, Great
Egret, Snowy
Eider, Common +
Eider, King
*Falcon, Peregrine +
Finch, House (i) +
Finch, Purple +
Flicker, Northern +
Flycatcher, Alder +
Flycatcher, Great Crested +
Flycatcher, Least +
Flycatcher, Olive-sided +
Flycatcher, Willow +
Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied +
Fulmar, Northern
Gadwall
Gannet, Northern
Gnatcatcher, Blue-gray +
Godwit, Hudsonian
Godwit, Marbled
Goldeneye, Barrow's
Goldeneye, Common +
Goldfinch, American +
Goose, Canada +
Goose, Snow
Goshawk, Northern +
Grackle, Common +
Grebe, Horned
*Grebe, Pied-billed +
Grebe, Red-necked
Grosbeak,Blue
Grosbeak, Evening +
Grosbeak, Pine
Grosbeak, Rose-breasted +
Grouse, Ruffed +
Grouse, Spruce +
Guillemot, Black +
Gull, Black-headed
Gull, Bonaparte's
Gull, Glaucous
Gull, Great Black-backed +
Gull, Herring +
Gull, Iceland
Gull, Laughing
Gull, Little
Gull, Ring-billed
Gyrfalcon
**Harrier, Northern +
Hawk, Broad-winged +
Hawk, Cooper's +
Hawk, Red-shouldered +
Hawk, Red-tailed +
Hawk, Rough-legged
Hawk, Sharp-shinned +
Heron, Great Blue +
Heron, Green +
Heron, Little Blue
Heron, Tricolored
Heron, Black-crowned Night- +
Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-
Hummingbird, Ruby-throated +
Hummingbird, Rufous
Ibis, Glossy
Jaeger, Parasitic
Jaeger, Pomarine
Jay, Blue +
Jay, Gray +
Junco, Dark-eyed +
Kestrel, American +
Killdeer +
Kingbird, Eastern +
Kingbird, Western
Kingfisher, Belted +
Kinglet, Golden-crowned +
Kinglet, Ruby-crowned +
Kittiwake, Black-legged
Knot, Red
Lark, Horned +
Longspur, Lapland
*Loon, Common +
Loon, Red-throated
Mallard +
Martin, Purple +
Meadowlark, Eastern +
Merganser, Common +
Merganser, Hooded +
Merganser, Red-breasted
Merlin +
Mockingbird, Northern +
Moorhen, Common
Murre, Common
**Nighthawk, Common +
Nuthatch, Red-breasted +
Nuthatch, White-breasted +
Oldsquaw
Oriole, Baltimore +
Oriole, Orchard +
Osprey +
Ovenbird +
Owl, Barn
Owl, Barred +
Owl, Boreal
Owl, Eastern Screech +
Owl, Great Gray
Owl, Great Horned +
Owl, Long-eared
Owl, Northern Hawk
Owl, Northern Saw-whet +
Owl, Short-eared
Owl, Snowy
Parula, Northern +
Phalarope, Red
Phalarope, Red-necked
Phalarope, Wilson's
Pheasant, Ring-necked (i) +
Phoebe, Eastern +
Pintail, Northern
Pipit, American +
Plover, Black-bellied
Plover, American Golden-
**Plover, Piping
Plover, Semipalmated
Rail, King
Rail, Virginia +
Raven, Common +
Razorbill
Redhead
Redpoll, Common
Redpoll, Hoary
Redstart, American +
Robin, American +
Sanderling
Sandpiper, Baird's
Sandpiper, Buff-breasted
Sandpiper, Least
Sandpiper, Pectoral
Sandpiper, Purple
Sandpiper, Semipalmated
Sandpiper, Solitary
Sandpiper, Spotted +
Sandpiper, Stilt
**Sandpiper, Upland +
Sandpiper, Western
Sandpiper, White-rumped
Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied +
Scaup, Greater
Scaup, Lesser
Scoter, Black
Scoter, Surf
Scoter, White-winged
Shearwater, Cory's
Shearwater, Greater
Shearwater, Manx
Shoveler, Northern
Shrike, Loggerhead
Shrike, Northern
Siskin, Pine +
Snipe, Common +
Sora +
Sparrow, American Tree
Sparrow, Chipping +
Sparrow, Clay-colored
Sparrow, Field +
Sparrow, Fox
*Sparrow, Grasshopper +
Sparrow, Henslow's
Sparrow, House (i) +
Sparrow, Lark
Sparrow, Lincoln's +
Sparrow, Savannah +
Sparrow, Seaside +
Sparrow, Nelson's Sharp-tailed
Sparrow, Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed +
Sparrow, Song +
Sparrow, Swamp +
Sparrow, Vesper +
Sparrow, White-crowned
Sparrow, White-throated +
Starling, European (i) +
Storm-Petrel, Leach's
Storm-Petrel, Wilson's
Swallow, Bank +
Swallow, Barn +
Swallow, Cliff +
Swallow, Northern Roughwinged +
Swallow, Tree +
Swan, Mute (i) +
Swan, Tundra
Swift, Chimney +
Tanager, Scarlet +
Teal, Blue-winged +
Teal, Green-winged +
Tern, Arctic +
Tern, Black
Tern, Caspian
*Tern, Common +
Tern, Forster's
**Tern, Least
**Tern, Roseate
Tern, Royal
Thrasher, Brown +
Thrush, Bicknell's +
Thrush, Gray-cheeked
Thrush, Hermit +
Thrush, Swainson's +
Thrush, Varied
Thrush, Wood +
Titmouse, Tufted +
Towhee, Eastern +
Turkey, Wild +
Turnstone, Ruddy
Veery +
Vireo, Philadelphia +
Vireo, Red-eyed +
Vireo, Solitary +
Vireo, Warbling +
Vireo, White-eyed
Vireo, Yellow-throated +
Vulture, Turkey +
Vulture, Black
Warbler, Bay-breasted +
Warbler, Black-and-white +
Warbler, Black-throated Blue +
Warbler, Black-throated Green +
Warbler, Blackburnian +
Warbler, Blackpoll +
Warbler, Blue-winged +
Warbler, Canada +
Warbler, Cape May +
Warbler, Cerulean +
Warbler, Chestnut-sided +
Warbler, Connecticut
Warbler, Golden-winged +
Warbler, Magnolia +
Warbler, Mourning +
Warbler, Nashville +
Warbler, Orange-crowned
Warbler, Palm +
Warbler, Pine +
Warbler, Prairie+
Warbler, Tennessee +
Warbler, Wilson's +
Warbler, Yellow +
Warbler, Yellow-rumped +
Warbler, Yellow-throated
Waterthrush, Louisiana +
Waterthrush, Northern +
Waxwing, Bohemian
Waxwing, Cedar +
Whimbrel
Whip-poor-will +
Wigeon, American
Wigeon, Eurasian
Willet +
Wood-Pewee, Eastern +
Woodcock, American +
Woodpecker, Black-backed +
Woodpecker, Downy +
Woodpecker, Hairy +
Woodpecker, Pileated +
Woodpecker, Red-bellied
Woodpecker, Red-headed +
*Woodpecker, American Three-toed +
Wren, Carolina +
Wren, House +
Wren, Marsh +
**Wren, Sedge +
Wren, Winter +
Yellowlegs, Greater
Yellowlegs, Lesser
Yellowthroat, Common +

     

revised 9/2008


About Us
 
NH Fish and Game Dept.
11 Hazen Drive
Concord, NH 03301

603-271-3421
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