Snakes of New Hampshire

There are 11 species of snakes that are native to New Hampshire. Some of these species, such as the garter snake are common and widespread across the state. Other species like the timber rattlesnake are extremely rare and are now state protected. Five of the 11 species (i.e., timber rattlesnake, eastern hognose snake, northern black racer, smooth green snake, and ribbon snake) were identified as species in greatest need of conservation in New Hampshire’s Wildlife Action Plan completed in the fall of 2005. Overall, snakes are poorly studied and basic distribution and life history information is lacking. The New Hampshire Fish & Game maintains a database of all reptile and amphibian reports through its Reptile and Amphibian Reporting Program (RAARP). The first step to reporting a sighting is accurately identifying the species. Information and photographs were compiled for all of New Hampshire’s native snakes to aid in this identification process:

PLEASE DO NOT KILL SNAKES. NH has only one venomous snake, the timber rattlesnake, which is protected by law. If you think you see a timber rattlesnake, please leave it alone, and let us know. There is no reason to kill a NH snake.

milk snake
Milk snake

ribbon snake
Ribbon snake

black racer
Northern black racer

hognose snake
Eastern hognose snake

garter snake
Garter snake

northern water snake
Northern water snake

ringneck snake
Ringneck snake

brown snake
Brown snake

smooth green snake
Smooth green snake

red-bellied snake
Northern red-bellied snake


About Us
NH Fish and Game Dept.
11 Hazen Drive
Concord, NH 03301

top bottom background image