Spring Salamander

Spring Salamander

(Gyrinophilus porphyriticus)

NH Conservation Status: Not listed.

State Rank Status: Apparently secure.

Distribution: May be found throughout NH in appropriate habitat. However, not particularly abundant anywhere in the state.

Description: A large 5-8 inch salamander that may be red, salmon, yellowish, or brownish in color. There is a dark net-like molting on the sides, back, and tail. Has a white line running from the eye to the nostril.

Commonly Confused Species: None.

Habitat: Under rocks in cold, clear springs and streams in forested areas. Also found under cover objects adjacent to streams. May venture out into forested areas during rains.   

Life History: Up to 100 eggs are attached to the bottoms of rocks or logs within streams.  Females guard the nests. Remain active during winter in wet, unfrozen substrate near brooks or streams.

Conservation Threats: Sedimentation, habitat loss from logging operations, acid rain.

Distribution map: Click here for a map showing the towns where this species is reported to occur in NH

Spring Salamander
Northern spring salamanders are large salmon-colored salamanders that are found in or near streams and brooks. This individual was captured during a stream survey. ©Mike Marchand photo
Spring Salamander
Notice the light line that runs from the eye to the nostril. ©USGS/Tom Gula photo


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