Fowler's toad

Fowler's Toad

(Bufo fowleri)

NH Conservation Status: Species of special concern, Wildlife Action Plan species in need of greatest conservation. (Click here to download the Reptiles and Amphibians section of the NH Wildlife Action Plan. (PDF, 1.5 MB.) Fowler's toad is on page 21.)

State Rank Status: Vulnerable to extirpation or extinction

Distribution:  Uplands and wetlands associated with Merrimack and Connecticut Rivers

Description: A 2-3 inch toad that typically has 3 or more warts in each of the darkest large spots.  Dorsal color is usually brown or gray. Has an unspotted chest and belly. Parotoid touches postorbital ridge.   

Commonly Confused Species: American toad; Fowler’s toads and American toads may hybridize, producing individuals with intermediate characteristics.

Habitat: Sandy areas such as river valleys, floodplains, lakeshores, and agricultural areas. Also in pine forests, fields, and lawns.

Life History: Lays up to 8000 eggs in long strings attached to aquatic vegetation in semi-permanent water.  Hibernates up to 3 feet deep in sandy soils.

Voice: A nasal, bleating w-a-a-a-a-h lasting 1-4 seconds

Conservation Threats: Habitat loss

Distribution map: Click here for a map showing the towns where this species is reported to occur in NH

Fowler's toad call - click "play" triangle to listen: 
Fowlers toad
Fowler’s toads have 3 or more warts in each of the darkest spots, whereas American toads have 1-2 warts per dark spot. Photo by J. Jensen.
Fowler's toad
Photo by Mike Marchand.


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NH Fish and Game Dept.
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Concord, NH 03301

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